What To Know Before Adopting A Dachshund

As you prepare to welcome a dachshund into your world, it’s like opening your home to a small, elongated, and irresistibly charming buddy who’s always excited to join you on all your escapades. However, before you fall head over heels for their captivating gaze and distinctive sausage-like shape, it’s crucial to comprehend what committing to this breed entails. In today’s blog post, we’ll explore five vital pieces of information that every potential dachshund owner should be aware of to ensure a happy, lasting bond with their furry friend. From grasping the specific health issues that affect the breed to decoding their tenacious temperament, we’re here to equip you with must-know dachshund insights.

Type of Owner

young girl on a walk with her dachshund

Despite the endearing and sought-after nature of Dachshunds, they may not be the ideal pet for everyone. Dachshunds possess unique character traits and needs, and as such, prospective owners should be prepared to cater to these specific requirements.

Foremost, an outstanding Dachshund owner should have a generous amount of love and patience. These dogs can exhibit strong-willed and occasionally obstinate behavior, so an owner who is ready to invest time in training and socialization is crucial. A patient and loving owner is essential to create a secure and nurturing environment for the dog, which is vital to their overall well-being.

Additionally, an active lifestyle is a key characteristic of an ideal Dachshund owner. These dogs are spirited and inquisitive, which makes them enjoy exploring their surroundings. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation to avoid becoming bored and engaging in destructive actions. Owners who enjoy activities such as hiking, jogging, and walking are well-suited for Dachshunds, as these dogs will relish the opportunity to discover new places and expend pent-up energy.

A serene and orderly home environment is another fundamental aspect for Dachshund owners. These dogs flourish in a stable setting and may experience anxiety or stress in erratic or tumultuous situations. Dachshunds are also susceptible to separation anxiety, making it essential for an owner who is frequently around or can offer them a consistent routine to ensure their ease and tranquility.

Finally, the ultimate Dachshund owner should possess a wealth of affection. These dogs are known for their love and loyalty, forging an unbreakable connection with their owner. An owner who is eager to provide abundant attention and love will be rewarded with a devoted and unwavering companion.

Health Issues

Hands of African-American male veterinarian touching cute sick purebred dachshund of brown color standing on medical table

A prevalent health concern that Dachshunds often encounter is Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD). This ailment arises when the discs within their spinal column sustain damage, leading to discomfort, nerve impairment, and even paralysis. The distinctive body shape of Dachshunds puts additional strain on their spine, increasing their vulnerability to IVDD.

Weight gain is another mounting issue for canines, including Dachshunds. They have a genetic predisposition to obesity, which can result in numerous health complications such as diabetes, heart conditions, and joint problems. Keeping a close eye on your Dachshund’s weight and ensuring a nutritious diet and routine exercise is crucial.

Oral health issues, like periodontal disease, tooth decay, and halitosis, are frequently seen in Dachshunds due to their compact mouth size and tightly spaced teeth. Consistent teeth cleaning and dental examinations are vital to preserving your Dachshund’s dental health.

Additionally, Dachshunds are susceptible to ocular problems such as cataracts, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy, which can cause vision impairment or blindness if not addressed. Routine eye assessments for your Dachshund can aid in the early detection of potential concerns.

Lastly, skin allergies are another typical issue for Dachshunds, manifesting as itchiness, inflammation, and hair loss. Allergies may be triggered by various factors like food, environmental irritants, and flea bites. If you observe any skin irregularities or excessive itching, seek advice from your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.


Dachshunds were originally bred to hunt small underground prey, such as badgers and rabbits. But what are some common behavioral traits exhibited by dachshunds?

Dachshunds are often known for being affectionate and loving towards their owners, displaying loyalty and a strong desire to spend time with their humans. They are also known for their inclination to snuggle up and cuddle, making them excellent lap dogs.

On the flip side, dachshunds can be quite stubborn and independent-minded. They possess a strong will and may be challenging to train if they do not perceive a compelling reason to obey. However, with the right training methods and a dose of patience, they can still be trained to make wonderful pets.

Dachshunds are also quite protective of their owners and their home, often barking at unfamiliar faces or animals and even acting aggressively towards perceived threats. Early socialization and training can help keep this behavior in check.

With their naturally curious nature, dachshunds love to explore their environment and investigate their surroundings, including sniffing and digging. They also have a playful personality, enjoy games and toys, are quite active and energetic, and have an affinity for fetch and other interactive play.

Types of Dachshund

Did you know there are multiple types of dachshunds, each exhibiting distinct traits and qualities that set them apart?

First up is the standard dachshund, the most widely recognized version. These standard dachshunds possess stretched bodies and short limbs and can be found in an array of colors and patterns, including black and tan, red, and dapple.

Following that, we have the diminutive dachshund, which is a smaller version of the standard breed, as implied by its name. Diminutive dachshunds usually stand below 11 inches in height and weigh less than 11 pounds. They share the same colors and patterns as their standard counterparts but are more compact in stature.

The third variety is the toy dachshund, the tiniest of dachshunds, with a weight of fewer than 8 pounds. Toy dachshunds are incredibly endearing and make perfect lap dogs. It is essential to note, though, that they are not officially acknowledged as a breed by the American Kennel Club.

Finally, we have the wirehaired dachshund, characterized by its coarse, wiry fur, distinguishing it from the smooth-coated standard and diminutive types. Wirehaired dachshunds also feature unique facial hair, contributing to a slightly unkempt appearance.


Dachshunds can be fantastic companions; however, training them can prove difficult due to their obstinate disposition. Nevertheless, with the correct approach and steady effort, it is achievable to train a dachshund to be well-mannered and compliant.

The initial step in coaching your dachshund is to start with fundamental commands such as “sit,” “stay,” “come,” and “heel.” These instructions lay the groundwork for more advanced training, making it crucial to master them first. Patience is essential, and employing positive reinforcement techniques, including treats, compliments, and affection, can motivate your pet to follow directions.

Uniformity is critical when coaching any canine, but it is particularly vital for dachshunds. These dogs are notorious for their stubbornness, so it’s crucial to set clear boundaries and apply them uniformly. For example, if you prefer your dachshund not to climb on furniture, they must never be allowed to do so.

Positive reinforcement is a well-established training method that rewards commendable behavior with treats, praise, and affection. This technique is effective for dachshunds because they react positively to affirmative feedback. Whenever your pet adheres to a command, it is essential to reward them with a treat or compliment. This solidifies the behavior and encourages them to replicate it in the future.

Dachshunds can exhibit anxiety and aggression if they lack proper socialization. Socializing involves introducing your pet to new people, animals, and environments in a controlled and positive way. This helps your dachshund feel comfortable in diverse situations and diminishes the likelihood of aggressive conduct.

Training a dachshund can be a gradual and exasperating process, but it’s crucial to remain patient and consistent. Keep in mind that your pet is learning novel behaviors, and mastering them will take time. Avoid becoming disheartened if your dog does not respond to a command instantly, and do not punish them for errors. Instead, stay composed and persistently reinforce positive behavior with praise and rewards.


To wrap things up, dachshunds are undoubtedly adorable and make fantastic pets, but it’s essential to familiarize yourself with their particular traits and challenges before adopting one. By learning about their health issues, grooming necessities, determined personality, physical activity needs, and the importance of proper socialization, you’ll be better prepared to offer your dachshund the care and devotion they need to flourish. Investing the time to educate yourself and get ready for this responsibility will ensure that your life with a dachshund is filled with happiness, amusement, and unwavering affection. As you embark on this journey with your petite, elongated companion, each day becomes a tad more vibrant and filled with new adventures.

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